Yekutanga maitiro uye mashandiro emahara ekuchengetedza

Maitiro anogona kushandura chimiro uye saizi yema billet zvakanyanya achienzaniswa nechinyorwa chinoshanda zvakare ndiyo huru deformation maitiro mune emahara ekugadzira maitiro. Zvakaita se:

Iyo yekutanga maitiro

1) Kugumbuka - maitiro ekuderedza kukwirisa kwebillet uye kuwedzera nzvimbo yepakati-chikamu.
2) Kureba kureba - maitiro ekuderedza billet muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu uye kuwedzera kureba.Mufananidzo wekudhirowa unogona zvakare kunzi "kuwedzerwa".
3) Kubaya - maitiro ekuumba kuburikidza kana hafu kuburikidza nemakomba pane isina chinhu.
4) Reaming - maitiro ekuderedza kukora kwemadziro emhango billet uye kuwedzera dhayamita yayo yekunze.
5) Mandrel kudhirowa kureba - maitiro ekuderedza ukobvu hwemadziro hwehomwe isina chinhu uye kuwedzera kureba kwayo.
6) Kukotama - maitiro ekukombama chisina chinhu muchimiro chakatarwa.

Basic procedure and function of free forging1

7) Kutenderera - iyo yekubatsira kurongedza dhiramu dhizaini mushure mekukanganisa iyo cylindrical isina chinhu uye ita kuti chimiro chayo chiwedzere kurongeka.
8) Misshift - nzira yekubatsira iyo inodzedzereka chikamu chimwe cheichi chisina chinhu kune imwe, asi zvakadaro chengetedza axis yakafanana.
9) Twist - iyo yekubatsira maitiro ekushandura chikamu chimwe cheakavhara chakakomberedza axis nekuremekedza imwe.
10) Kucheka - nzira yekubatsira yekucheka (kutema) kana kupatsanura zvishoma (kutsemura) isina chinhu.
11) Kugadzira - Iyo nzira yezvidimbu zviviri zvisina chinhu ichidziirwa kune yakanyanya tembiricha uye ndokugadzira pamwe nekubatana pamwechete, inozivikanwawo se "kudhira moto" uye "kubika moto".

Maitiro ekubatsira

Pre-deforming maitiro pamberi pe billet yaiswa mune yekutanga maitiro: senge ingot chamfering uye mutsipa chamfering, pre-kudzvanya yepakati clamp mubato, nhanho shaft yekuparadzanisa uye forging induction, nezvimwe.

Kupedza maitiro

Maitiro akashandiswa kunatsiridza saizi uye chimiro chevakakanganwa kuitira kuti vakwanise kuzadzisa zvinodiwa nemufananidzo wekuregerera. Semuenzaniso, mushure mekukanganisa dhiramu uye truncated roller, convex, concave uye isina kuenzana uye induction pamusoro peyero, magumo epamusoro nhanho, kwenguva refu mushure mekukotama ichitwasuka uye nekugadzira skew kururamisa maitiro.

Basic procedure and function of free forging2

Post nguva: Kukadzi-02-2021